The Securitization of Illegal Immigration in EU Policies: Motivations and Implications


This study aims to diagnose the EU’s handling of the phenomenon of illegal immigration through its adoption of a purely security approach, based on its awareness of the nature of the threats and security risks that this phenomenon produces on the security of European countries and societies at all levels, which prompted the member states of the Union to criminalize the phenomenon by relying on repressive police measures and mechanisms to reduce the infiltration of illegal immigrants to European territory, where the European Union moved by providing the phenomenon with a security character, to address it at the level of higher policies after what was in the former is just an employment and economic issue that is included in the lower policies of European countries.

This is what made it listed as one of the new security issues, through a new security discourse adopted by the Political Elites and the European bureaucracy, based on the politicization of the phenomenon and then securitization, as one of the most serious security threats causing instability and insecurity in Europe, and responsible for many of the Social and economic problems, such as the violation of identity (community security) and the economic well-being of European peoples, in these circumstances transform the concept of migration from a social human phenomenon that contributes to the transmission of cultures and the friction of peoples to each other, to a phenomenon that transmits destruction and fear and leads to the clash of peoples and nations, which led the countries of the Union to securitize the phenomenon.

Keywords: Securitization, European Union, Illegal Immigration, Islamophobia, Clash of Civilizations

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Mediterranean Center for Strategic Studies: an institution of strategic thought and planning that is based on preparing estimates, providing consultations, and managing research projects on the Mediterranean and its regional and international interactions.

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